Committee Leaders Express Concerns over FAA Remote ID Rule Delay
Washington, DC, July 2, 2019
Today, Chair of the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure Peter DeFazio (D-OR), Ranking Member Sam Graves (R-MO), Chair of the Aviation Subcommittee Rick Larsen (D-WA), and Ranking Member Garret Graves (R-LA) sent a letter to Secretary of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) Elaine Chao, Acting Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Daniel Elwell, and Acting Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Russell Vought expressing concerns with the delay in the FAA’s issuing of a rule requiring remote identification for unmanned aircraft systems, or drones.
Requiring drones to equip with remote identification technologies is increasingly critical to public safety as the use and number of drones in U.S. airspace continues to grow. Congress made modifications to the law in last year’s FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018 to ensure the agency could move forward on its remote identification rule, and although the FAA initiated the rulemaking process more than one year ago, the publishing date has been delayed. Until this rule is finalized, airspace users and people and property on the ground remain at risk.
In their letter, the Members wrote: “…we believe failure to complete this effort poses serious risks to the National Airspace System, its users, and the Nation’s most critical and sensitive facilities and assets. Delays also stifle innovation, preventing the U.S. commercial UAS industry from reaching its full potential.”
A full copy of the letter can be found attached and below.
July 2, 2019
The Honorable Elaine L. Chao
U.S. Department of Transportation
1200 New Jersey Avenue, S.E.
Washington, D.C. 20590
The Honorable Daniel K. Elwell
Federal Aviation Administration
800 Independence Avenue, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20591
The Honorable Russell Vought
Office of Management and Budget
725 17th Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20503
Dear Secretary Chao, Acting Administrator Elwell, and Acting Director Vought:
We write to register our ongoing concerns regarding the continuing delay in the issuing of the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) rule requiring remote identification for unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) and urge you to dedicate the necessary staff and resources for the rapid publication of a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) on this subject. Based upon briefings by the Executive Branch over the last several years, we believe failure to complete this effort poses serious risks to the National Airspace System, its users, and the Nation’s most critical and sensitive facilities and assets. Delays also stifle innovation, preventing the U.S. commercial UAS industry from reaching its full potential.
Section 2202 of the FAA Extension, Safety, and Security Act of 2016 (Pub. L. 114-190) directed the FAA to convene an industry group to facilitate the development of consensus standards for remotely identifying operators and owners of UAS, including the consideration of requirements for the remote identification of UAS. Based on these standards, the Administrator of the FAA was required to issue regulations or guidance by July 2018. While the industry group completed its work on September 30, 2017, which included recommendations to the Administrator for the identification and tracking of small UAS, the FAA has not met the rulemaking mandate enacted by Congress.
In fact, despite initiating a remote identification rulemaking on February 20, 2018, the expected publishing date for an NPRM has slipped. The FAA committed to releasing an NPRM by May 1, 2019, but the current projected date is now July 21, 2019 Assuming the FAA holds to this timeline, the agency has informed stakeholders that a final rule will not be released for two years. Our concerns are exacerbated by that fact that once a final rule is issued, the date by which UAS operators must comply with remote identification requirements may be months, or even years, after issuance.
According to briefings provided to this Committee by the UAS Executive Committee (ExCom), including the FAA, the Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Energy, and the Department of Justice, the safety and security of the National Airspace System and its users, and people and property on the ground, are at risk each day that UAS operators are not equipped with remote identification. While UAS offer countless applications, including inspecting infrastructure, responding to emergencies and natural disasters, and delivering medical supplies, recent safety and security events have highlighted the need for expedited action.
The delayed remote identification rule also prevents the commercial UAS industry from reaching its full potential. Although UAS technology and capabilities are developing at a rapid pace, the Federal regulatory framework needed for the commercial UAS industry to thrive, including the ability to routinely perform advanced and more complex operations, remains stalled. For example, the FAA issued an NPRM for the operation of small UAS over people in February 2019, but states unequivocally that it will not finalize that rule until after a remote identification policy is in place due to security concerns resulting from the inability to identify UAS in U.S. airspace.
Additionally, in the months leading up to enactment of the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018 (Pub. L. 115-254) last year, the FAA and security agencies stressed to the Committee that the main impediment to the FAA’s ability to promulgate a remote identification rule was a provision included in the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (Pub. L. 112-95) prohibiting the FAA from regulating model UAS flown for hobby or recreational purposes. Congress appropriately modified the 2012 exemption in last year’s FAA Reauthorization law, believing that would allow the rule to move forward unimpeded. It is distressing to learn that additional major obstacles remain in fulfilling the statutory mandate, which is nearly a year overdue.
Given the utmost importance of the remote identification rule and its pivotal role in UAS integration efforts, we respectfully request that you provide a written and detailed response that includes the steps and timeframes for issuing the NPRM and final rule, as well as projected timelines for Department of Transportation Office of the Secretary (OST) and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) reviews of those projects. We also request that your staff provide our staff with a briefing on progress made each quarter until the remote identification rule is finalized.
Thank you for your prompt attention to this important matter.
PETER A. DeFAZIO SAM GRAVES
Chair Ranking Member
RICK LARSEN GARRET GRAVES
Chair Ranking Member
Subcommittee on Aviation Subcommittee on Aviation